Large portions of this guide were taken from Michael W Lucas' Tarsnap Mastery. I highly recommend it and anything else he's written.
Package is called
tarsnap on most distributions and is usually included in the official repos. After installation, generate a key and associate it with your Tarnsap account using the following command.
tarsnap-keygen --keyfile /root/tarsnap.key --user email@example.com --machine hostname
The configuration file is usually stored in
/etc/tarsnap/tarsnap.conf. You may need to copy the sample configuration to the production config before editing.
cachedir /usr/local/tarsnap-cache keyfile /root/tarsnap.key nodump print-stats checkpoint-bytes 1G humanize-numbers
We use ACTS for automation. It stands for Another Calendar-based Tarsnap Script and manages backup creation and rotation. It keeps 31 daily backups, 12 monthly backups, and never deletes yearly backups; maintaining those are on you. When you feel like a specific yearly backup is no longer necessary, delete it yourself.
After adding a new user to our database that has read-only access to everything, we'll configure ACTS, create pre- and post-backup scripts for database dumps, then set up email alerts.
Refer to SQL Snippets for working with databases. Add a new user with a complicated password and lock/read-only permissions to all databases with the following SQL command.
grant lock tables,show view,select on *.* to 'archive'@'localhost' identified by 'CHANGEMETOSOMETHINGSECURE';
We store this script in
/usr/local/scripts/pre-acts.sh. It simply dumps all databases to a backup SQL file for tarsnap to ingest.
#!/bin/sh DAY=$(date +%Y-%m-%d) DUMPFILE=/root/db_dumps/mysql-backup-$DAY.sql touch $DUMPFILE chown 0:0 $DUMPFILE chmod 600 $DUMPFILE mysqldump -u archive -pCHANGEMETOSOMETHINGSECURE --all-databases > $DUMPFILE
This one is stored in
/usr/local/scripts/post-acts.sh. It deletes all dumps older than 5 days.
#!/bin/sh find /root/db_dumps/ -type f -mtime +5 -delete
It can be installed by simply
acts.conf.sample. Alternatively, clone the whole repository and symlink
acts to wherever you like for easier updates then copy
/etc/acts.conf. We store scripts in
/usr/local/scripts but you can put them wherever.
Make sure you reference the sample configuration file but these are the base options we use. Until you run ACTS and verify that your configuration works properly, leave
verbose set to 1. After you're sure everything works, set it to 0.
backuptargets="usr/local/scripts root/db_dumps" tarsnapbackupoptions="--one-file-system --humanize-numbers" verbose=1 prebackupscript=/usr/local/scripts/pre-acts.sh postbackupscript=/usr/local/scripts/post-acts.sh
Yes, backups for the backups are necessary. Specifically, backups of tarsnap keys are necessary. If you lose the key, you lose your backups. There is no way around this. While saving your key in a password manager, ina text file on your PC, one someone else's PC, or even another server are all possible solutions, it's also good to have an offline copy Just In Case™. We use paperbackup because it's easily read by both machines (QR codes) and humans (plain text). Run your key through this, print the resulting PDF, put it in a folder, put the folder in a box, and put the box somewhere very very safe.